A City Guide To Huaibei for Ethnicity has been shown to have an effect on fat intake, for example, a study of ethnic minority males living in the UK found higher levels of fat intake among Bangladeshi males than among most other ethnic groups Bhopal et al It is worth noting that a systematic review Cochrane Review of evidence derived from four randomised controlled trials concluded that fat-restricted diets were no more effective than calorie-restricted diets in terms of long-term weight loss among overweight or obese individuals atherosclerosis formation of fatty plaque in the arteries. arteriosclerosis loss of elasticity and hardening of the arteries. O B E S I T Y Pirozzo et al. , suggesting that dietary change should not focus solely on fat intake but on total intake. In relation to older populations, however, there is evidence that low rather than high levels of calorific intake are detrimental to health status and cognitive function, and older men living alone seem particularly vulnerable here Hughes et al Salt Salt intake is also a target of preventive health measures, with high salt sodium chloride intake being implicated in those with persistent high blood pressure, i.e. hypertension. A City Guide To Huaibei 2016.