A City Guide To Gushu for Department of Health ; Office for National Statistics The prevalence of males currently smoking in those aged over in England has dropped from per cent in to per cent in G eneral Household Survey Thomas et al. and further downwards to per cent in For females, the decline Plate A young mother smoking with her baby sitting on her lap looking at the cigarette. This is an emotive example of passive smoking. between and was less pronounced to per cent Health Survey for England, The Information Centre, The increased incidence of lung cancer among women over the past two decades is, in part, traceable to the increased prevalence of women smoking since the Second World War, and this worrying upturn is likely to continue if recent survey figures are considered. Ethnic differences in smoking prevalence have also been reported British Heart Foundation , www. heartstats.org. A City Guide To Gushu 2016.