A City Guide To Chhatak for At this time, the Aztecs were being decimated by smallpox, a disease brought by the Spanish to the New World. Taking advantage of the Aztecs’ misfortune, Corts strategically planned 106 thinking politics their conquest. He forged military alliances with their enemies and with neighboring people who had been subjugated and forced to pay tribute to the Aztec empire. Corts’s amazing success was aided by the fact that Montezuma, the Aztec leader, mistook Corts for Queztalcoatl, a mythical god that the Aztecs believed would one day return to rule their land. Corts cunningly exploited this mistake: allowed entrance into the Aztec capital under this misrepresentation, he quickly took Montezuma hostage. After gaining control of the palace, the conquistadors pillaged the capital and ruthlessly suppressed resistance. In mistaking Corts for a god, Montezuma, like Columbus, failed to understand difference. A City Guide To Chhatak 2016.