A City Guide To Bolnisi for By that time, Washington’s men had barely enough food to prevent starvation and were barefoot in the snow. He is credited for holding the army together through deprivation, desertion, and demoralization and eventually leading it on to victory. In 1781, British commander George Cornwallis surrendered to Washington and his French allies at Yorktown, on the Virginia coast. Upon the war’s conclusion, Washington planned to retire quietly, but his near mythic status as the liberator of the United States made him indispensable to the new nation. When the Constitutional Convention of 1787 discussed the creation of an executive branch, it was with Washington in mind. The idea that he would fill and define the authoritative position eased many fears that the presidency might become a dictatorship. Washington was the quintessential republican, the symbol of an enlightened, naturally elite leader who assumed power sacrificially. A City Guide To Bolnisi 2016.