A City Guide To Bogra for business cycle: fluctuations in the economic activity of an economic system, typically measured by changes in macroeconomic variables like real GDP and the unemployment rate. capital account: an accounting record that measures the value of one nation’s exchange of physical and financial assets with other nations in any given year. capital flight: when the physical and financial assets of citizens from less-developed countries are invested in foreign nations. capital stock: the cumulative value of all buildings, equipment, and machinery (i.e., capital goods) in a nation or firm at a given point in time. capital intensive production: a production technique that utilizes more capital than another factor like labor, such as an automated production process. A City Guide To Bogra 2016.